National Crime Information Center

The National Crime Information Center, also known as NCIC, is the main United States' central database for checking criminal records and tracking crime-related information. Read on to know more about National Crime Information Center.

The NCIC database was developed in 1967 under the guidance of the FBI director J. Edgar Hoover. The main idea behind the system was to make a centralized system for information relating to criminal records. The purpose was to facilitate easy flow of information between the numerous law enforcement branches. As info on National Crime Information Center, the original infrastructure of National Crime Information Center is believed to have cost over $180 million.

Since 1967, the National Crime Information Center has been maintained by the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Criminal Justice Information Services Division. It is interconnected with similar systems maintained by each state. The information and data related to criminal records is received from federal law enforcement agencies, state and local law enforcement agencies. The tribal law enforcement agencies, railroad police, and non-law enforcement agencies, such as state and federal motor vehicle registration and licensing authorities also feed in the information.

In the mid-1990s, the NCIC program went through an upgradation. It changed from the legacy system to the current NCIC 2000 system. An estimate in 1993 it has been concluded that the FBI would require spending an extra $2 billion to modernize its computer system, in order to allow access to all users’ workstations.

The National Crime Information Center makes accessible a variety of criminal records to be used for law enforcement and security reasons. These records are compiled from a variety of forms of personal and property records. The personal records comprise of convicted sex offenders, Criminal conviction records, Foreign fugitives, Immigration violators, Missing persons, Parolees, People with active arrest warrants, Secret Service protective alerts and any Terrorist organizations and membership or violent gang organizations and membership.

The property records in NCIC include Firearms records, missing firearms, Stolen or counterfeit securities, Stolen property, Stolen vehicles and boat parts etc;

The Electronic Privacy Information Center has raised many issues and concerns over the legality of information in the National Crime Information Center database The FBI had the administrative authority to make sure the accurateness of the information provided in the database, but was released from this role by the Department of Justice in 2003.

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