Combined DNA Index System

The Combined DNA Index System, also known as CODIS, is a DNA database, which is supported and funded by the US Federal Bureau of Investigation. Here you will get to know in detail about Combined DNA Index System.

CODIS is a computer system that stores DNA profiles developed by federal, state, and local crime laboratories in the US. These data bases are used to assist in the identification of suspects in crimes and maintain criminal records. It has well developed guidelines for standards of practice in the United States ever since the use of DNA testing began in the late 1980s. Read on to get more info on Combined DNA Index System.

Several scientific meetings a year were hosted by the FBI Laboratory, to speed up the development of laboratory guidelines in support of forensic DNA testing. Still unproven as forensic tool to some, in 1989, a paper was completed which offered conceptual and operational concepts for a Combined DNA Index System. During the 1980s, sharing DNA profiles among crime laboratories had become commonplace in law enforcement. A pilot project was initiated by the FBI Laboratory with six state and local crime labs to build up software supporting each laboratory's DNA testing plus allowing sharing of DNA profiles with other crime laboratories.

But it was not until1998 that CODIS became fully operational. Today, the Combined DNA Index System databases exist at the local, state, and national levels. This well connected and tiered architecture allows crime laboratories to control their own data fro criminal records. Each laboratory has the power to decide which profiles it will share with the rest of the country. Today, there are approximately 200 laboratories in all 50 states which actively contribute to CODIS. However, at national level, the National DNA Index System, or NDIS, is operated by the FBI, which is at a secret location.