National Instant Criminal Background Check System

NICS or National Instant Criminal Background Check System is a system for establishing one’s eligibility to acquire a firearm in the United States of America. The prime focus of this page is to offer info on National Instant Criminal Background Check System and how it works.

The Federal Firearms License or FFL holders are usually required by law to use the NICS and find out if it is lawful to sell a certain firearm to a prospective buyer. It is the National Instant Criminal Background Check System that determines if the buyer is forbidden from buying a firearm under the Gun Control Act of 1968. It is connected to the National Crime Information Center and the Interstate Identification Index among other databases, which are maintained by the FBI for criminal records. Read on to know more about National Instant Criminal Background Check System.

The National Instant Criminal Background Check System applies to all sales from federally licensed dealers. Private sellers are allowed to sell firearms without a background check unless necessary by state law. These set of laws remain in place at gun shows, where no special compassion is granted to licensed sellers, and no extra requirements are sited upon private sellers.

On the firearm buyer's behalf, the NICS can be accessed by an FFL, either by phone or computer. If contacted by phone, an FBI/NICS Examiner who directly gets the information put forward by the FFL forwards the records electronically to the NICS. When using a computer, an FFL representative submits the buyer's info using the E-Check system which is a internet interface to the NICS. An FFL can be wither be an individual or an organization.

As per the law, an FFL must get a response from the NICS within 3 working days or else the firearm sale can still proceed, although they are not required to do so. In case any information from the National Instant Criminal Background Check System is received after 3 days that the buyer should not have received the firearm and the sale does get completed, then the firearm must be recovered. If any buyer is denied the firearm, he can always go ahead and appeal the decision.