Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System

The IAFIS or Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System is a system in US devised for national automated fingerprint identification. The criminal records and history is maintained by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). Learn all about Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System on this page.

Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System offers capability of automated fingerprint search, latent searching, electronic image storage, and electronic exchange of fingerprints and responses. IAFIS maintains one of the biggest biometric databases in the world, which is next only to Mexico with 70 million records. Consisting of the fingerprints and potential corresponding criminal records and history information for more than 66 million subjects, IAFIS today consists of has 66 million subjects in the criminal master file. Any employment background checks, criminal records check or legitimate firearms purchases lead the citizens to be permanently recorded in the system.

The local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies submit the fingerprints voluntarily to the FBI. These agencies get hold of the fingerprints through criminal arrests or from non-criminal sources. The FBI then lists the fingerprints along with any criminal records connected with the person. The law enforcement agencies can then demand a search in Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System for identifying fingerprints taken during criminal investigations. Civil searches can also be undertaken, but usually the response is slower and a small fee is charged by the FBI.

As more info on Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System, the mechanism used to scan live fingerprints into IAFIS is called Live Scan. In addition to these devices, there are other procedures to capture prints from crime scenes. These devices can be both wired and wireless and are used to capture one or two live finger impressions. The most common technique of acquiring fingerprint images remains the inexpensive ink pad and paper form. The fingerprint technician scans the print in question and uses computer algorithms to mark all minutia points, cores, and deltas detected on the print.

Recently, the FBI has announced its plans to replace IAFIS with a "Next Generation Identification" system, which is to be developed by Lockheed Martin.